Prime Commercial Investment • Fully leased asset with a net passing income of $3,539,471 p.a. (approx.)
• 6+ year WALE with fixed annual rental growth of 3%-4%
• A-Grade commercial office tower boasting cutting edge design, excellent natural light and highly flexible floor plates
• Prime retail including First Choice and the iconic Waterloo Hotel - reflecting an impressive 10+ year WALE
• Diversity of income and a blue-chip tenant profile including ASX-Listed Watpac Ltd and Liquorland Pty Ltd
• The outperforming Newstead market currently has 0% precinct vacancy for A-Grade stock
• 3-Star NABERS Energy rating
Striking Near City Commercial Investment Cushman & Wakefield, on behalf of the owners, are pleased to present to the market 22 Wyandra Street, Newstead for sale via Expressions of Interest closing Wednesday 31 May 2017 at 4pm (if not sold prior).
This outstanding investment boasts the following attributes:
• 460sqm* land area
• 387sqm* of net lettable area
• 10 undercover secure car parks (1:38)
• Current net income of $211,425.38* + GST
• Zoned MU1 Mixed Use (Inner City)
• Two street access
• High growth precinct with substantial population influx
For more information or to arrange an inspection, please contact the e...
AWARD WINNING COMMERCIAL INVESTMENT 31 Longland Street "Kurv", Newstead presents an opportunity to purchase a fully leased Gasworks investment. Leased to Aerocare until October 2022, this freehold volumetric asset has been fitted to an exceptional standard. The development comprises multiple basement parking levels, ground and mezzanine office accommodation, and five upper level of residential apartments comprising 58 residential apartments.
- Net passing income of $628,818 per annum as at 1 June, 2017)
- Fixed annual rent reviews of 3.5%
- State of the art tenant facilities
- Secure basement parking for 28 vehicles
PRIME OFFICE/RETAIL TENANCY!!! - approx. 174m2 Prime Retail/Showroom/Office - Directly Opposite Gasworks - Exclusive Balcony Areas - 4 Car Parks - Storage and Exclusive Use Balconies
Situated in the heart of Newstead this approx. 174m2 open plan blank canvas space is suited to a variety of users including food, retail, showroom and convenience. The tenancy has access to a grease trap and has excellent signage and exposure to Longland street.
For further information or to arrange an inspection contact your ELDERS agent.
LIVE / WORK / PLAY This freestanding warehouse/office facility its offers self contained areas coupled showers, kitchen facilities, breakout areas for staffs.
Description: - 422m² warehouse area - access through container height electric door. - Painter floor and walls throughout warehouse area. - 130m² upstairs office area. Three large open plan areas and ducted air-conditioning. - Full size bathroom with shower. - Enclosed balcony area, makes a good lunch area or for client functions. - 3 phase power, amenities on every level and insulated ceiling. - 2 garage car spaces or use for additional storage. - 87m²...
Free Standing Building - Owner Occupier Opportunity!! The property at 9 Maud Street, NEWSTEAD is just off arterial route Breakfast Creek Road which leads into Brisbane CBD. The property is only minutes drive to Newstead Gasworks, James St Precinct and Emporium.
- 506m2 Land size - 422m2 warehouse area - 130m2 upstairs office area. Three large open plan areas and ducted air-conditioning - Full size bathroom with shower - caretaker opportunity - Enclosed balcony area, break out area, kitchen and bathroom - 3 phase power, amenities on every level and insulated ceiling - Two undercover car parks onsite - 87m2 mezzanine area load bearing. C...
Owner Occupier + 3 Car Parks TCN Worldwide Real Estate are pleased to present this vacant property opportunity located at 55/53 Commercial Road, Newstead for sale. Located on the main thoroughfare of Commercial Road, Teneriffe/Newstead in an area which is ever increasingly becoming populated with high rise residential developments.
Other aspects of the property are as follows - Prime opportunity for retail/office - Open floor area - Wide Frontage - Secure onsite parking for 3 designated car spaces
Contact TCN Worldwide Real Estate Service for more information or for an inspection today!!
Breaky Creek Character building with exposure * 200m² Fitted out air conditioned office * Walk to Woolworths and Gasworks retail and dining * Under cover, secure car parking * Make no mistake this will not last
This one of a kind freehold is strategically positioned only a short walk from Gasworks, Woolworth's and award winning dinning and retail. This asset makes an ideal owner occupier or investment opportunity on a high exposure arterial.
Very rarely do quality commercial buildings on such large land allotments becomes available. Be quick to inspect now
OWNER OCCUPIER OPPORTUNITY IN THE HEART OF NEWSTEAD * 760sqm site with exposure to Breakfast Creek Road * 290sqm of heritage style office accommodation * Multiple offices, kitchen and male + female amenity * Frontage to both Breakfast Creek Rd + Roche Ave * Two (2) undercover car spaces plus additional street parking * Centrally located in Newstead with huge exposure to Breakfast Creek Road * Potential boutique redevelopment opportunity (STCA)
For further information or to arrange an inspection contact Alex McSweeney or Vaughn Smart of Raine & Horne Commercial.
HIGH PROFILE NEWSTEAD OPPORTUNITY!! - 760sqm elevated site with excellent exposure - 200sqm* converted Queenslander (heritage) with functional layout - Two (2) secure car parks with good street parking available - Strategically located in an elevated position overlooking Breakfast Creek Road - Ideal owner occupier opportunity in the heart of Newstead
RARE FREEHOLD FOR LEASE OR SALE • A grade office space • Easy access to CBD, Brisbane airport and all major arterial roads • 6 car parks • End of trip facilities • Perfect for retail, medical, office or development
First National Commercial is proud to bring to the market on an exclusive basis 14 Proe Street, Newstead.
Located in the super convenient and highly sought after Newstead / Fortitude Valley precinct, this quality freestanding building stands in the heart of Brisbane’s action, moments from cafes, restaurants, boutique retail outlets, James Street and the Emporium.
Extremely Rare Newstead Warehouse/Office Freestander The subject property is located at 9 Maud Street, Newstead and is a unique facility which offers a besser block freestanding office/warehouse with the addition of functional first floor or living quarters. Located just off Breakfast Creek Road the property exhibits great connectivity through north and south bound arterial roads.
Key features of this property include:
- Building area of 630sqm* split over two levels
- 500sqm* ground floor showroom/warehouse space
- 130sqm* first floor/ living quarters
- 506sqm* of land
- End of trip facilities
- Direct access to Breakfast Cr...
1,133sqm* PRIME REAL ESTATE WITH JAMES STREET ON YOUR DOORSTEP Baker Property and CBRE are pleased to present to the market this freehold property located at 34 Chester Street, Newstead for sale or lease.
Conveniently located on the cusp of Fortitude Valley in one of Brisbane’s most well-known and sought after locations (within the James Street Precinct), 34 Chester Street offers an 823sqm* two level freehold building currently leased to L&H Electrical providing a short term holding income.
This property boasts the following key attributes:
• 823sqm* two level freehold building • Sizes ranging from 409sqm* - 823sqm* • 1,133sqm* of land area • Zon...
GASWORKS PRECINCT SHOWROOM/ RETAIL OPPORTUNITY * 174sqm open plan retail or showroom * 47sqm exclusive use outdoor areas * 28sqm of rear storage * Rear loading access * Four (4) exclusive car parks plus visitor parking * Huge exposure and street presence directly opposite Gasworks * Expansive glass facade (excellent natural light)!
For further information or to arrange an inspection contact Vaughn Smart or Alex McSweeney of Raine & Horne Commercial.
NEWSTEAD’S FINEST CORNER – RETAIL, SHOWROOM, RESTAURANT/BAR! Just completed, La Vida Is Newstead’s hottest mixed use development!
This prime corner retail tenancy is positioned directly beneath 187 apartments ( 370 + people once fully occupied), less than a 3 minute walk from 1,000 + recently completed/occupied apartments and moments from an additional 1,000 + apartments due for completion in 1-3 years.
• 232 sqm floor area comprising 149 sqm ground floor & 83 sqm mezzanine • Bonus outdoor dining area of approx. 47 sqm • Massive exposure/signage opportunity • Bi-fold doors, full glass shopfronts, excellent ceiling height • Superb position moments...
Investment Sale - 8% + return This two storey brick building is located just off Breakfast Creek Road, adjacent to the new Bunnings site. It is also within walking distance to Bowen Hills train station and newly developed residential buildings.
This site has free standing titles and includes 16 car parks which are allocated to each of the current tenants. The ground floor is occupied by Geo Consultants with a floor space of 400m2. Mountain Designs occupy the first floor with a floor space of 800m2. Current rental is $440,000.00 per annum + GST
The premise has ample natural lighting, close proximity to Gasworks Precinct ...
LANDMARK VALUE ADD INVESTMENT + $2 million* net income expiring August 2018
+ Elevated 3 street frontage on 1,110sqm* / 3,627sqm* NLA
+ Commanding presence over busy St Pauls Terrace intersection
+ Located only 1km* from Brisbane CBD and walking distance to the heart of Fortitude Valley
+ Major Tenant - Kaplan Australia
Parties interested in purchasing 252 St Pauls Terrace, Fortitude Valley to submit an Expression of Interest by Thursday 8th June 2017 at 12pm.
For further information or to request access to the due diligence package, please contact the exclusive marketing agents.
For Sale - Redefine Bulimba's Oxford Street Retail Precinct Ray White Commercial TradeCoast in conjunction with Ray White East Brisbane has the pleasure in offering for sale by Tender the approved property located at 8-12 Stuart Street, Bulimba QLD 4171.
Features of the property include: - Land area: 1417sqm* - Development Approval and Building Approval for 9 Luxury 3 bedroom appartments (78% pre sales), 748sqm* Retail/Commercial with an additional 353sqm* of alfresco and 45 car parks - The development offers city views over memorial park - Sewer works and powerline relocation complete - Only 4km* from Brisbane CBD, 130m* to Woolworths Bulimba and 16...
Super-Prime Corner Investment On Behalf of the owner Savills have the pleasure of offering 354 Brunswick Street, Fortitude Valley (Cameron House) for sale.
Sitting on the precinct’s premier corner in the heart of the Fortitude Valley, Cameron House offers three levels of iconic character retail and office accommodation with an unparalleled presence to passing foot and vehicle traffic in the rapidly gentrifying Fortitude Valley precinct, just a short walk to the Brisbane CBD.
- 1,579sq m building on 871sq m corner site, expansive frontages to Ann and Brunswick Streets
- Prime retail focused investment (75% retail in...
Secure Investment - Hamilton 9 Hercules Street, Hamilton presents a rarely available opportunity to purchase a quality commercial building in the Hamilton Northshore Precinct. The property is split into multiple tenancies over two levels with the tenancies ranging in size from 46sqm up to 1,156sqm in size. The property has been extensively refurbished in 2007 and 2010 which included a new internal lift, upgrades to all building services and a refurbishment of the building facade.
Located on the inner fringe suburb of Hamilton, 9 Hercules Street is perfectly positioned in one of Brisbane’s highest growing precincts. Loc...
Licence to print money Chase Commercial is proud to offer 10/1000 Ann Street for sale. The iconic and sought after Emporium complex is home to the well known Emporium hotel, Guzman Y Gomez, Mecca Bah, Chemist Warehouse and Grill'd .
This fully fitted out 69m² bar with 17m² external area is an exciting opportunity for owner occupier to move in and profit or for the astute investor to purchase. Property features two street frontages with access including Emporium frontage and Wickham Street. Call today to inspect
* 69 m² Prime space, move in and profit
* Great car parking & Wickham St exposure
IDEAL OWNER OCCUPIER BOWEN HILLS Freestanding office building, on 304 m2 of land in Bowen Hills.
Many features including: * Motivated seller * 113 m2 Air-conditioned office * 90 m2 Storage and car parking Ground floor * 7 Car parks in total * Development potential * UCV current $720,000 * 2 Street access close to inner city bypass, Clem 7 and Airport link tunnel * Excellent condition and great working environment
Call R&W Commercial Brisbane North to book an inspection.
Excellent Investment Opportunity! * 110m2 corporate office * Multiple offices & boardroom * Ample storage & kitchenette * Currently returning high yields * Moments to every amenity * Inspections by appointment only - Call 24hrs
This is a great opportunity to invest or relocate your business to a prime position in Fortitude Valley! Highly desirable, this office is only moments to the heart of the Valley, within walking distance to the Brisbane CBD and offers easy access to the airport and motorways.
The floor plan is approximately 110m2 in total and is fitted out with a reception area, boardroom, multiple offices, op...
Vacant Medical Precinct Office Building JLL, on behalf of Koringa Business Investments Pty Ltd (Receivers and Managers Appointed) as trustee for the Bowen Bridge Road Trust, have the exclusive pleasure to offer for Sale 13-15 Bowen Bridge Road, Bowen Hills, QLD.
• Suitable for owner occupiers, investors or developers
• Standalone two level building providing 977sqm of office accommodation with 25 on-site secure car bays
• Redevelopment potential (Subject to Council Approval)
• In proximity to the $1.1billion redevelopment of Herston Quarter which has commenced construction
• Exposure to passing traffic with signage opportuni...
Affordable, practical & available - 100m2 Ground floor commercial grade office - Kitchenette to one side with two separate office areas - Undercover car parking available - Landscaped surrounds overlooking Breakfast Creek - Stones throw to Breakfast Creek Hotel & Wharf - Merlo coffee roasting facility just around the corner
Located under four radial kilometers to the Brisbane CBD, set in a picturesque surrounding, this affordable and practical office is available for lease or sale. Situated on the ground floor of the complex, the tenancy offers a large meeting/board room plus open plan area with loads of natural light, and a...
HIGHLY EXPOSED – OFFICE / RETAIL - 156m² Blank canvas commercial space - Split between two units (80m² and 76m²) - Can be used for office or retail purposes - Bathroom and kitchenette facilities in both - One exclusive use car space plus visitors - Trendy urban appeal - ready to design - Zoned MU1 - Mixed use (inner city) - Available immediately
CHARACTER OFFICE IN RNA PRECINCT! Located on the quiet Tufton Street, this two storey timber built commercial premise on a generous piece of land has huge future potential. With great access to the ICB and proximity to the RNA show grounds development, this would be an excellent addition to any investors portfolio or owner occupier to grow their business and redevelop the land as the area grows as well. Key property features include:
- Approx. 427 m2 land - Profit from $2.5 billion RNA Development - Free-standing building with excellent car parking - Major Bowen Hills Transport hub scheduled for future construction nearby....
BITE SIZE INNER CITY OFFICE/ MEDICAL SUITE * 65sqm ground floor office or medical suite
* Prime corner position with good exposure
* Large window frontage providing excellent natural light
* Multiple entry points providing flexibility
* Plumbing points for toilets and kitchenette
* Bite size opportunity ready for fit out
For further information or to arrange an inspection contact Vaughn Smart or Alex McSweeney of Raine & Horne Commercial.
Creative and Contemporary Fortitude Valley Freestander Cushman & Wakefield are pleased to present to the market 63 Amelia Street, Fortitude Valley.
The property offers the following key features:
- 430sqm land area
- 548sqm* building area
- MU2 zoning (Mixed Use)
- 6 at grade car parks
- Well-presented and versatile office building with excellent storage
- Direct access to all forms of public transport
- Future development upside
For sale by Expressions of interest closing 17 May 2017.
For further information please contact the exclusive agents Cushman & Wakefield.
BEST LEASE/SALE DEAL IN BRISBANE - LOW 500K RANGE! Elders Commercial Brisbane are pleased to present to the market this stunning office within close proximity to major arterials, great access to the CBD and features some of the best exposure in Bowen Hills. With the new RNA Showgrounds redevelopment close-by, this property will be front and centre to witnessing the major change this development will bring to this area of Brisbane. For Sale or Lease this 133m2 office tenancy features:
- Excellent natural light - Three (3) onsite car parks!!! - Open plan office with partitioning (flexible space for any user) - Excellent accessibility - Air-con...
Land Rich Fortitude Valley Holding – $5,250,000 On Behalf of the vendor, Savills are pleased to offer 225 & 227 St Pauls Terrace, Fortitude Valley to the market. Situated in the rapidly gentrifying Fortitude Valley precinct, just a short walk to Fortitude Valley Train Station and 1km* from the Brisbane CBD this distinctive asset provides a unique and adaptable land rich refurbishment or redevelopment opportunity in a prime near city location.
- 1,406sq m site with 52* frontage to St Pauls Terrace
- 2,015sq m character style building with refurbishment potential
- Development potential to 10 Storeys and 60% Site Coverage (STCA)
Invest in the Highest Quality Knight Frank and Savills are honoured to present HQ South to the market. Prominently positioned in the heart of Fortitude Valley, HQ South is a modern A-Grade office tower offering world class investment fundamentals.
Core investment opportunities such as HQ South are extremely rare.
•Secure long term cash flow
•Strong 6+ year WALE
•Underpinned by major ASX listed tenant covenants
•Institutional A-Grade Asset
•Dominant corporate precinct
•Brisbane’s best near city address
•6 Star Green Star Office Design
•5 Star NABERS Energy Rating
REFURBISHED OFFICE SUITE WITH FIT OUT INCLUDED * 99sqm refurbished office space on level 8 * Located in the popular "269 Wickham" office tower * Fitted with reception, boardroom, partitioned offices & open plan work area * Northeasterly views providing great natural lighting * Popular cafe located on ground level * 150m to Valley Train Station
269 Wickham (formerly known as K-Tower) is located in the heart of Brisbane's Fortitude Valley and offers 13 levels of commercial office space with ground floor retail. The building has recently been upgraded with new elevators & air-conditioning systems along with refurbishment works to the buildi...
Multi-Tenanted Inner-City Leased Investment On behalf of the owners, Cushman & Wakefield are pleased to present to the market 157 Abbotsford Road and 49 Allison Street, Bowen Hills for sale via Expressions of Interest closing Friday 26 May at 5pm.
These terrific fully leased freehold assets offer the following key features;
- Combined building area of 1,659sqm* across two buildings
- Total land area 1,392sqm*
- 30 on-site car parks (1:55)
- Diverse income stream through multiple tenances and signboard
- Direct access to ICB, Clem 7, Sandgate and Abbotsford Road
- Located approximately 2.5km’s from the Brisbane CBD
Gateway to Gasworks! Colliers International are pleased to offer 41- 47 Montpelier Road, Bowen Hills for sale via Expressions of Interest.
41 – 47 Montpelier Road represents a superior opportunity in a tightly held fringe location with immediate value-add or development upside. The freehold property benefits from extensive frontage to bustling Montpelier Road; the gateway into the Newstead River Park precinct, Gasworks and the greater Fortitude Valley retail and lifestyle hub.
Key features of this outstanding opportunity include:
- Prime 948m² regular shaped lot
- 703m² NLA of open plan showroom and of...
STABILISED LONG TERM INVESTMENT Knight Frank and Colliers International are pleased to offer For Sale 100 Wickham Street, Fortitude Valley, an exciting investment proposition on the edge of the Brisbane CBD.
The Asset offers compelling investment fundamentals including:
• Refurbished CBD Gateway Asset
• Secure Cash Flow Returns (5+ year WALE)
• Underpinned by a new 7 year lease to Queensland State Government
• Easy access to Fortitude Valley’s extensive retail amenity
• Short walk to Brisbane CBD’s corporate Golden Triangle
• Over specified building services including outstanding power capacity
• 2 Star NABERS...
Rare Bowen Hills Freehold The rare Bowen Hills Freehold provides an astute purchaser the opportunity invest or occupy in an extremely tightly held precinct. The corner site boasts unparalleled exposure, set back from the busy corner or Abbotsford Road and Campbell Street, and seen by 35,000* cars every day. The site is improved with 252 sqm of quality showroom which can be extended on the ground floor. Located in the Bowen Hills Heart under the current plan, the whole area is earmarked for high density development and with such good access to arterial and access roads ensures this site is a worthwhile investment.
STYLISH OFFICE INVESTMENT IN FORTITUDE VALLEY HOTSPOT Located on the 11th floor of the centrally positioned 269 Wickham Street, the stylishly fitted out strata office offers a well-designed layout that incorporates a modern and fresh working environment with reception, boardroom, kitchenette, offices and open plan work areas over 113m2.
This is an excellent opportunity to acquire a small commercial investment.
FULLY FITTED OWNER OCCUPIER OPPORTUNITY... WILL BE SOLD! Elders Commercial Brisbane are pleased to present to the market this fantastic Owner Occupier opportunity. The property comprises 240m2 (Approx) of quality corporate office accommodation. Other features of the property include:
- Well appointed office including reception area, board/meeting room, offices, fully fitted kitchen, ample storage and telephone system - High quality fit-out - all furniture included - Windows throughout allowing an abundance of natural light - New elevators and air-conditioning - Building foyer and exterior recently renovated - Interior of the unit recently refu...
GENUINE SELLER - 8.5% + RETURN - OFFERS CONSIDERED Elders Commercial Brisbane are pleased to present to the market this solid investment opportunity. The property comprises two lots totalling 237m2 of quality office accommodation. The building has never presented better with a recent facelift to the building’s façade, lift upgrades and refurbished common areas. Features of the investment opportunity include:
- Leased to solid tenant for $84,000 net + outgoings + GST per annum - 1 onsite car space - Full fit out included (boardroom, reception, 2 x offices, large breakout area and high grade work stations) - Building foyer and exterior re...
Whole Building Opportunity At Affordable Rent! Located in the heart of Fortitude Valley, the building is conveniently situated between Brunswick & McLachlan Sts. The area is well serviced by public transport, has no shortage of local amenity and is within walking distance of the popular James Street entertainment precinct.
* 500sq m - 1,000sq m available - part or whole building
* High ceilings & an abundance of natural light
* Roller door access
* Onsite car parking
* Walking distance to James Street & Emporium
* Current development approval for retail use
Contact your Savills agent today to inspect or find out more informa...
RETAIL INVESTMENT - 7YRS REMAINING ON CURRENT LEASE * 335sqm restaurant & bar with 75sqm alfresco
* Currently leased to Saluti until 2024 + 8 year option
* Net return $123,600pa + GST (as at 1st June 2017)
* Fixed 3% annual reviews
* Fitted with restaurant/bar/bottle shop
* Majority of fit out included with sale - Inventory list available
* Busy 'Central Brunswick' retail & office complex
For further information or to arrange an inspection please contact Alex McSweeney or Vaughn Smart of Raine & Horne Commercial.
BOUTIQUE DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY * 810sqm freehold site * LMR2 - Low Medium Density Residential (2 or 3 storey mix) * First time offered to the market in over 20 years * Great opportunity to develop mixed use site (STCA) * Site to be sold with vacant possession * Great exposure to Sandgate Road
Offered for the first time in over 20 years, this Commercial Character site has been family run to this day and contains an established mechanical workshop & residence and an ex-service station (not currently operational). The building provides a total area of 367sqm which consists of an office/warehouse, 3 bedroom residence and a 2...
Medical / Consulting / Office - Ground floor and street frontage Need a small city fringe office for your practice or consultancy business? 65m2 with direct road exposure to Water Street. Less than 3 klms to pretty much everything. Gasworks, City, Fortitude Valley shopping, Chinatown, James Street and even the CBD. By being 50m away from St Pauls Tce, you and your clients can drive in and out with ease or even take the short stroll to the train station. Large windows would be fantastic for signage or displays and the thousands of residents who are moving to any of the major surrounding developments every year will get to know you very quickly. The location...
Retail with a secret This fantastic 148 m2 shop has to be seen if you are in retail, medical or personal services. Dual road frontage and signage with its own car space and plenty of on street parking, gives this city fringe location a huge advantage over most others. This is the only retail space built in the massive CENTRAL VILLAGE development. There are already over 500 occupied units with hundreds more soon to be occupied, just in this development, along with thousands of other local residents. You also get the local commercial clientele in an area that thrives 7 days and 7 nights a week. WHAT IS THE SECRET?...
PRICED TO SELL - SUIT OWNER OCCUPIER Positioned on the ground floor of the renowned McWhirters Building and benefitting from direct access to the highly trafficked Brunswick Street Mall and Wickham Streets this is a golden opportunity to secure your own 107m2 strata.
Previously occupied by the Bank of Queensland the strata is ideally placed to capture local foot traffic such as the retailers and professional tenants within the complex, the adjoining Brunswick Street Metro Station and local businesses.
Suit professional, finance services, recruitment, migration services and more.
Owner Occupier Opportunity - Your own office space with income & upside * Two solid brick buildings with value add potential * Two street frontages with excellent on-site parking for up to 15 cars * Significant traffic exposure and signage rights along Brunswick Street * Solid income from long term tenants - suits owner occupier * Short 300m walk to Train Station and trendy Valley amenities
Chase Commercial are excited to present this unique and rare freehold asset in the heart of Fortitude Valley, only a short distance from the Brisbane CBD. This exciting opportunity features two large titles of land, two solid brick commercial buildings which are both sec...